Throughout your driving test your aim will be to slow down in good time and pull up gently, except in the emergency stop exercise, which will show your competence in taking immediate and effective action.
Your driving instructor will give you warning that during the lesson or test you will conduct an emergency stop. This will likely be indicated by the instructor putting up their right hand quickly.
As it is to be treated as an emergency, you must demonstrate quick responses and bring the car to a controlled stop. This means to not look in the mirrors or brake slowly. It can be a shocking experience even though you are not in any real danger.
Once you are instructed to continue moving, you must check all areas to ensure that it is safe to move again. You will need to check over your left shoulder (blind spot), check all mirrors and over your right shoulder before moving off.
Remember that on a wet road your stopping distances are doubled and in snow or ice the stopping distances can be 10 times greater. A good driver will leave plenty of space between themselves and the driver in front especially in more hazardous road conditions.
At 20 mph your overall stopping distance would be around 40 ft.
At 30 mph your overall stopping distance is around 75 ft.
At 40 mph your overall stopping distance is around 120 f.
This could be a matter of life and death as if you hit a child at 30mph there is an 80% chance the child will live but may be left with serious injuries.
Approximately one in three tests will include the emergency stop exercise. As such there are key steps to follow.
· Don’t signal and look in your mirrors
· Press right foot firmly and progressively on the brake
· Then press left foot on the clutch
· Don’t do both at the same time as this will make the car coast
· Don’t slam your foot on the brake as it could lock the wheels
· Keep both hands on the steering wheel
· Once stopped, apply the handbrake and put the car in neutral
If the car begins to skid it is because the brake was pressed too aggressively. In order to regain control you will have to release the brake pedal and reapply pressure firmly again. Most cars are fitted with ABS which will stop the car from skidding in this scenario.
If driving in an automatic car once you have come to a stop, apply the handbrake and select park.
If you are learning to drive, the more you read up in preparation for your practical lesson, the smoother they will be. You can contact us by email or phone to book your driving lessons with InTuition Driver Training.